The NPA stands for Northern Peninsula Area, located in the remote top end of Cape York, Far North Queensland, Australia.
The People: In 2011 the people living in the NPA are the Aboriginal tribes of Wuthathi (manta ray), Yadhaykenu (goanna, stingray, croc), Gudang (turtle with frog, goanna), Angkamuthi (Seven Rivers, fresh-water long-neck turtle), Atambaya (Utaga, dingo) peoples, the Kaurareg people (Muralag), Torres Strait Islanders: from the eight clans from Saibai: Saibai Kadal, Aith Kadal (Kadal = crocodile), Dheoybau (yam), Suim (a type of swamp bird), Baidham (shark), Umi (dog), Samu (emu come cassowary), Thabu (snake), their totem groups Keoybuiyai (or Buwai, big totem group) and Migina (small totem group); from Marpuna the children of: the Mparkwithi, Taepithiggi, Thaynhakwith, Warrangku, Yupungathi peoples and traditional owners from that area, the Tjungundji people; the people who carry in their ancestry the Kambarra (crocodile), the Kabi-Kabi (S.E. Qld), Suibaidam clan, Kaanju, Umpila, Lama Lama, Aya Pathu. Wunta (wind), Yintjingga (sea eagle), Koong’Kai (Kukuyau, north clan and Yeepai, south clan on east coast, Lockhart), Uwinthyn (fresh water turtle), bower bird, stingray, Utingu (Simpson Bay); the many tribes, clans and totem groups from the mainland and islands, from Mer (Murray), Kubin (Moa), Mabuiag, Iama (Yam), Yorke (Masig), Ugar (Stephens), Erub (Darnley), Poruma (Coconut), Narupai (Horn), Dauan (Cornwallis), Boigu and the islands east to west, north to south in the Torres Strait, from Palm Island, Coen, Lockhart, Port Stuart, Normanton, Cairns, from across the state, across the country and far beyond (Papua New Guinea, Rotuma, Fiji and other Melanesian and Polynesian islands, such as Samoa, New Zealand, from Borneo, Malaysia, S.E. Asia to Europe).
This listing is not complete as most carry within a list several times this length. No new villages or townships have been built since, but each community has available lots for future growth or is already in progress of expanding.
The place names: Cowal Creek (small river) was once the name of a place and a creek. It become Injinoo (derived from ‘Ing hinu’ (a place to sit), but both names are still understood today.
The area of Ichirru (in Ikya) is now better known as Bamaga.
Alau, Umagico (the ‘Rainbow Serpent’ in one of the Lockhart languages) is still known by both names locally. Alau being derived from Lalau, a Gudang language.
Mandignou (Mandingu), once Charcoal Burner in Hidden Valley, is New Mapoon, retaining its original name in ‘Mandignou Apudthama Apang’ (Gudang language, New Mapoon Family Place), the new All Abilities Playground.
Red Island Point is Seisia with Red Island located across from Seisia Jetty, the area was known as Ithunji (in Ikya language).
Each of the original tribal groups from the areas may have had different names for these places.